Published on Dezeen, Nov. 2015.
Architect: MAPA/Cristián Larraín and Matías Madsen
Design: Alex Popp
A wonderfully prescient view in many ways, of a multi-modal, ultra-dense, efficient urban environment that is also wholly bereft of natural relief or any scrap of pervious cover.
Published in the New York Times, 2017.
Published in the New York Times, by Micheal Kimmelman, June 8, 2017.
what happens in the absence of building laws & myriad other troubles
From the New York Times, by Michael Kimmelman, Dec 21, 2017.
Arguably the most exigent concern of the new-modern era.
"State legislatures and natural resource managers have traditionally addressed water and energy as two separate issues. However, water and energy are deeply connected and sustainable management of either resource requires consideration of the other. Thus, resource managers and lawmakers across the country are beginning to take a comprehensive and interdisciplinary approach to the management of water and energy. This report provides overview information about the nexus between water and energy and provides a summary of state legislation addressing this issue."
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How much carbon dioxide is produced when different fuels are burned?
Different fuels emit different amounts of carbon dioxide (CO2) in relation to the energy they produce when burned. To analyze emissions across fuels, compare the amount of CO2 emitted per unit of energy output or heat content.
Pounds of CO2 emitted per million British thermal units (Btu) of energy for various fuels:
The amount of CO2 produced when a fuel is burned is a function of the carbon content of the fuel. The heat content, or the amount of energy produced when a fuel is burned, is mainly determined by the carbon (C) and hydrogen (H) content of the fuel. Heat is produced when C and H combine with oxygen (O) during combustion. Natural gas is primarily methane (CH4), which has a higher energy content relative to other fuels, and thus, it has a relatively lower CO2-to-energy content. Water and various elements, such as sulfur and noncombustible elements in some fuels, reduce their heating values and increase their CO2-to-heat contents.
Here you will find a collection of material, ranging from technical data to white papers to theory, which has influenced my thinking.